The undisputed top tourist destination in Egypt is the Pyramids of Giza, which are close to the southwest suburbs of Cairo. Three different generations—Khufu, his second reigning son Khafre, and Menkaure—built the pyramids at Giza. The Great Pyramid of Khufu is the tallest pyramid in Egypt at 139 metres (455 feet), however the nearby Khafre’s Pyramid appears to be larger since it was constructed at a higher elevation.
Few places in Egypt are more stunning than Karnak, despite its terrible state. The work of several generations of Egyptian builders, it is the biggest ancient sacred structure ever constructed. The Temple of Karnak, which is roughly 2.5 kilometres north of Luxor, actually comprises of three main temples, smaller enclosed temples, and a number of peripheral temples. The Hypostyle Hall, a 5,000 m2 (50,000 sq ft) hall with 134 huge columns grouped in 16 rows, is one of Karnak’s most well-known buildings.
Upper Egypt is frequently visited by Nile cruises. Since ancient times, the Nile River has been Egypt’s lifeblood, and there is no better way to follow the Nile’s march through history than to do so. The Luxor-Aswan route, which is safe, beautiful, and finishes in two of Egypt’s most significant towns, is used by nearly all Egyptian cruise ships. It can be exciting to travel down the Nile in a felucca. Since ancient times, sailboats called feluccas have been used on the Nile. Although a Felucca is not quite as luxurious as a high-end cruise ship, there is nothing like sailing in a peaceful vessel that dates back thousands of years.
One of the most stunning sites in the world to go diving is the Red Sea, which sits off the coast of Egypt. The Red Sea is known for its crystal-clear vision and some of the world’s most diverse marine life. It is home to thousands of different water species thanks to the vast span of coral formation on the reefs. Red Sea beach resorts can be found on both sides of the water. On the east side, on the Sinai peninsula, are the well-known Sharm el-Sheik and Dahab, a neo-hippie alternative. Hurghada, a newly developed resort town, is located on the western shore of the Red Sea. It is a popular tourist destination.
For approximately 500 years, from the 16th to the 11th century BC, tombs were built in the Valley of the Rulers, close to Luxor, for the New Kingdom’s kings and privileged nobility. There are 63 tombs and chambers in the valley, ranging in size from a modest pit to a substantial tomb with more than 120 chambers. The representations from Egyptian mythology that decorate the royal tombs provide insight into the beliefs and burial customs of the time. Except for the well-known tomb of Tutankhamen, all the tombs appear to have been broken into and robbed during the ancient times.
Located on the western shore of Lake Nasser in southern Egypt, Abu Simbel is a historic site consisting of two rock-cut temples. These temples were carved out of the mountainside during the 13th century BC by Pharaoh Ramesses The Great to commemorate himself and his queen Nefertari. Due to the construction of the Aswan High Dam, the complex was in danger of being submerged in Lake Nasser and was therefore relocated. Today, Abu Simbel is a popular tourist destination and one of the biggest in Egypt.
The Egyptian Museum, a must-visit attraction in Cairo, is home to over 120,000 pieces of ancient Egyptian artifacts. The museum’s two primary levels house a vast collection of papyrus, ancient coins, and antiquities from the Valley of the Kings and the last two dynasties of Ancient Egypt. Among the highlights of the museum are the Tutankhamen artifacts and the Royal Mummy Room, which contains the mummified remains of 27 royals from ancient Egypt.
Situated in the Libyan Desert, Siwa Oasis is a remote community with a population of 23,000 Berbers. This oasis, known for its natural springs and palm trees, was an important stop for traders on an ancient date trading route, providing them with respite from the desert. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Siwa declined until the emergence of tourism in recent years. The region is now focused on developing hotels that utilize local resources and incorporate regional aesthetics.
The White Desert, located in the heart of Egypt’s dry expanse, is a strikingly beautiful site with towering chalk mountains and enormous white stones scattered throughout the landscape. After exploring Egypt’s temples and tombs, visitors can head to the White Desert to marvel at its breathtaking scenery and unique natural formations.
Although the Giza Pyramids are the most well-known, Egypt is also home to other magnificent pyramids, including the Sakkara Pyramids, located just a few kilometers from Cairo city. Comprising the Red Pyramid, the Bent Pyramid, and the Step Pyramid, the Sakkara Pyramids offer a glimpse into the ancient Egyptians’ impressive architectural tradition. In addition to the pyramids, there are numerous ancient tombs to explore.
Alabaster Mosque, Islamic Temple, Citadel, 19th Century, Architecture, Spiritual Enthusiasts, Twin Minarets, Ottoman-style Design, Ornate Interior Walls.The Mosque of Mohamed Ali, also known as the Alabaster Mosque, is a stunning Islamic temple located in Cairo’s Citadel. As one of the largest buildings constructed in the 19th century, it features a beautiful Ottoman-style design with twin minarets and an artistically decorated interior with ornate walls that will captivate spiritual enthusiasts and architecture lovers alike.
Aswan, Nubian Community, Outstanding Hospitality, Nuba Language, Mud-built Homes, Vibrant Colors, Gardens, Farming, Handicrafts, Tattooing, Family-friendly.A trip to a Nubian settlement in Aswan is a must-do when visiting Egypt. The Nubian people are welcoming and hospitable, and their mud-built homes painted in vibrant blues and oranges with gardens and palm trees provide a unique experience for visitors of all ages. From farming chickens and goats to selling handicrafts and tattooing tourists, the Nubian community offers a glimpse into their fascinating culture and traditions.
Historical Tourist Destination, Temple of Khons, Festival Temple of Tuthmosis III, Great Temple of Amun, Konrad Open Air Museum, Ancient Structures, Second-largest Religious Site, Pylons, Chapels, Independent Temples.The Karnak Temple is a historical tourist destination that should not be missed. Featuring the Temple of Khons, the Festival Temple of Tuthmosis III, and the Great Temple of Amun, the temple complex also houses the renowned Konark Open Air Museum. Visitors can explore ancient structures such as pylons, chapels, and independent temples, making it the second-largest religious site in the world.
Cave Church, Christian Complex, Central Pulpit, Artisan Saint, Largest Christian Church in the Region, Pilgrimage Destination, Converted Caverns, Independent Churches, Scavenger’s Hamlet.The Monastery of Saint Samaan the Tanner, built in honor of Simon the Tanner, is an impressive Christian complex in a small number of countries. With a seating capacity of 2,000 people around a central pulpit, the modern monastery is situated in a pre-existing cave with independent churches that were once neighboring caverns. While reaching the monastery requires effort due to the lack of tourism in the scavenger’s hamlet, it remains a popular pilgrimage destination.
Fourteenth Century Market, World’s Biggest, Colorful Atmosphere, Regional Goods, Haggling, Souvenirs, Semi-precious Stones, Pyramids, Camels, Silverware, Gold Artifacts, Stained-glass Lamps, Antiquities, Copperware, Handmade Carpets, incense.Khan-el-Khalili, one of the world’s largest markets, is a colorful open market that offers a highly active atmosphere for shoppers. From semi-precious stones and pyramids to silverware and handmade carpets, the market provides a wide variety of souvenirs for visitors to haggle over. With an extensive range of regional goods on offer, this market is a shopper’s paradise.
Explore Egypt’s Illustrious Past and Countless Churches Discover the rich history of Egypt by visiting Old Cairo, a must-see location that offers a glimpse into the past. It’s home to significant historical sites dating back to the Greco-Roman era and where Babylon was established in 525 BC. You’ll see the remains of the Roman stronghold through the white and red bricks scattered across the area. Explore the many tourist attractions, including the Coptic Museum, the Church of the Virgin Mary, and the Ben Ezra Synagogue, to gain a deeper understanding of Egyptian culture.
Grand Egyptian Museum (Coming Soon) – World’s Largest Archaeological Museum The Grand Egyptian Museum, also known as the “Giza Museum,” is currently under construction in the city of Giza. It’s set to become the largest archaeological museum globally, covering an area of 480,000 square meters. The museum will house a vast collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts, including King Tutankhamen’s collections, making it a must-visit for history enthusiasts.
A Tribute to Queen Hatshepsut’s Accomplishments Visit the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, a limestone temple constructed by the talented architect Senimut in recognition of Queen Hatshepsut’s achievements. The temple, which pays tribute to the sun god Amon-Ra, boasts classical architectural style and features three spectacular terraces, a hypo-style hall, courts, and pylons.
A Majestic Coastal Fortress Located on the Mediterranean Sea coast, the Citadel of Qaitbay is a 15th-century defensive castle constructed upon the ruins of the famous Pharos lighthouse by Mamluk ruler Qaitbey. The fortress features thick walls and sturdy construction and was converted into a maritime museum in 1952. Visit to learn about Egypt’s rich architecture and history and see the collection of fossilized marine life.
A Spiritual Destination Experience the spiritual side of Egypt by visiting St. Catherine’s Monastery, one of the earliest spiritual destinations in the country. Built between 527 and 565 AD at the foot of Mount Sinai, the monastery houses an incredible collection of sacred texts, artwork, manuscripts, and the fabled burning bush. After paying your respects, climb Mount Sinai to witness breathtaking views of the sunset or sunrise.
The Colossi of Memnon are two massive statues that once guarded the temple of King Amenhotep III and are now a popular tourist attraction. The statues, made of quartz sandstone, stand 59 feet tall and weigh around 700 tons. Although their faces are damaged, their intricate carvings, which depict King Amenhotep III’s mother and wife, are still visible.
King of Egypt Tours offers a Sound and Light Show at the Giza Pyramids, where you can learn about the fascinating history of ancient Egypt. The show includes the story of the Sphinx and how the pyramids were constructed, as well as the lives of famous ancient Egyptians like Thutmosis IV, Akhnaten, Nefertiti, and Tut Ankh Amon. The show concludes with a return to your accommodation in Giza or Cairo.
The Hanging Church, or the Church of Saint Virgin Mary, is one of the oldest churches in the world, dating back to the third century AD. Located in Cairo, the church has a stunning stone exterior with inscriptions in Arabic and Coptic script. The church is situated at the top of the Babylon Fortress gatehouse, giving it the appearance of hanging in midair.
Philae Island, also known as Elephantine Island, is a significant archaeological site located on the Nile River between the Aswan High Dam and the old Aswan Dam. The ancient Egyptians built a temple complex dedicated to the goddess Isis on the island, which is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The complex dates back to 600 BC and features a number of ancient Egyptian temples and shrines.
Located near Nuweiba on the Sinai Peninsula, the Colored Canyon is an 800-meter-long slot canyon known for its remarkable colors. Water erosion over millions of years created 40-meter-high sandstone walls that range in hue from dark brown and black to straw yellow and red. The canyon’s unique appearance is due to iron and magnesium oxides.
Built-in honor of King Ramses III, this temple is one of the most famous religious sites in Luxor, Egypt. Known as the “Mortuary Temple of Ramses III,” it features top sights like the Chapels of the Votaresses, the Second Pylon, the Sacred Lake, the First Pylon, Nilometer, and Hypostyle Hall. The southeast corner of the building offers the best vantage point to view the entire complex.
The Great Sand Sea is a vast expanse of sand dunes spanning over 72,000 square kilometers, located between western Egypt and eastern Libya. Visitors can enjoy various activities like fossil digging, dune drives, and sand sledding while surrounded by mesmerizing Barchan, Seif, and Crescent dunes.
For thrill-seekers, the Blue Hole of Dahab is a must-visit destination. Located in Southeast Sinai, it is known as the most challenging diving site in the world. The Red Sea offers incredible underwater and aerial views, and it is also a popular spot for snorkeling and diving to see rare species like turtles, corals, and reef sharks.
Explore the rich legacy of Alexandria through 1,800 objects housed in this museum, which spans three levels. The exhibits showcase the city’s history across Islamic, Roman, Pharaonic, and Coptic centuries, as well as priceless objects from the 19th century.
Located in Fayoum’s Wadi El Hitan, this charming lake is known as “Magic Lake” due to its changing colors throughout the day based on sunlight and time. Surrounded by a sandy desert, the lake is also believed to have beneficial minerals and can help with rheumatism. Take a refreshing swim and relax in its breathtaking beauty.