Introduction: Egypt El Cairo

Egypt el Cairo, Ancient, eternal, mystical, majestic, grandiose, profound, vibrant, pulsing

Egypt El Cairo also known as Al-Qāhirah, is the capital and largest city of Egypt. Located near the Nile River, Egypt El Cairo has long been a centre of politics and culture in the region. With over 20 million people, it is one of the most densely populated cities in the world. In this article, we will explore the history, culture, and attractions of Egypt’s vibrant capital city of Egypt El Cairo.


  1. History of Cairo
  2. Districts of Cairo
  3. Cairo Citadel
  4. Egyptian Museum
  5. Khan al-Khalil Bazaar
  6. Mosques of Cairo
  7. Cairo Tower
Egypt el Cairo, Ancient, eternal, mystical, majestic, grandiose, profound, vibrant, pulsing
  1. History of Cairo

Cairo has a long and storied history dating back over a thousand years. It was founded in AD 969 by the Fatimid dynasty as a fortified encampment called “Al-Qāhira”, which means “the victorious” in Arabic. Under the Fatimids, Cairo became a center of trade, commerce, and Islamic culture. In the 12th century, Saladin made Cairo the capital of the Ayyubid dynasty. During the Mamluk era from 1250-1517, Cairo flourished as a center of art, education, and trade. The city continued to grow under Ottoman and later British rule. Today, Cairo remains the cultural and political epicenter of Egypt.

Egypt el Cairo, Ancient, eternal, mystical, majestic, grandiose, profound, vibrant, pulsing
  1. Districts of Cairo

Cairo is divided into several distinct districts. Islamic Cairo, located in the oldest part of the city, contains many important mosques and madrasas from the Fatimid era. Downtown Cairo is the commercial center and contains government buildings and upscale shops along Tahrir Square. Giza is located just west of Cairo and is home to the iconic Great Pyramids and Sphinx. Other districts include Maadi, Heliopolis, and Nasr City.

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  1. Cairo Citadel

The Cairo Citadel, built in the 12th century AD, sits atop a hill providing panoramic views of the city. It has served as a royal residence, military garrison, and prison at different times in its history. Notable structures within the Citadel complex include the Mosque of Muhammad Ali, the National Military Museum, and the Towers of Qaitbay. The citadel gives visitors a glimpse into Cairo’s medieval past.

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  1. Egyptian Museum

Home to the world’s largest collection of Pharaonic antiquities, the Egyptian Museum is a “must-see” for any visitor interested in ancient Egyptian history and archaeology. Housed within the museum are treasures taken from tombs all over Egypt, including the golden mask and sarcophagus of Tutankhamun. Other highlights include mummies, jewellery, sculptures, and artefacts providing a glimpse into daily life in ancient Egypt.

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  1. Khan el-Khalili Bazaar

The Khan el-Khalili is one of the oldest souqs (markets) in the Middle East, dating back to the late-14th century. Winding alleys are filled with hundreds of shops selling everything from spices and perfumes to pottery, clothing, and souvenirs. It’s a great place to immerse yourself in the sights and sounds of a traditional Egyptian market. Be prepared to bargain for the best prices on goods. The bazaar also offers street food and coffee.

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  1. Mosques of Cairo

As a centre of Islamic culture for over a millennium, Cairo contains many spectacular mosques dating from the Fatimid to Ottoman periods. Must-see mosques include Al-Azhar Mosque (built in AD 970), one of the oldest Islamic institutions in the world, and the towering minarets and intricate marble inlay of Sultan Hassan Mosque from the 14th century. Ibn Tulun Mosque (AD 879) and Al-Rifa’i Mosque are also architecturally stunning. Visitors should be respectfully dressed and remove shoes before entering mosques.

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  1. Cairo Tower

For panoramic views over Cairo and the surrounding area, a visit to the Cairo Tower is worthwhile. At 187 meters high, it was the tallest structure in Africa upon completion in 1961. An observation deck provides 360-degree vistas taking in the Nile River, the pyramids of Giza in the distance, and the sprawling city below. The tower has become an iconic landmark in the Cairo skyline. Plan your visit around sunset for spectacular photos.

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CONCLUSION: Egypt El Cairo

Egypt El Cairo With its rich history spanning over a millennium, Cairo offers visitors a gateway into Egypt’s fascinating past and present. From ancient monuments to bustling markets, and graceful mosques to towering skyscrapers, the city exemplifies Egypt’s dynamic culture.

Spending time exploring Cairo’s districts, museums, religious sites, and street life provides memorable insights into both modern and pharaonic Egyptian society. Its central location also makes it an ideal base for day trips to nearby destinations like the pyramids of Giza Egypt El Cairo.

7 FAQs: Egypt El Cairo
  1. What is the population of Cairo?

The population of Cairo is over 20 million, making it one of the largest cities in Africa and the Middle East.

Egypt el Cairo, Ancient, eternal, mystical, majestic, grandiose, profound, vibrant, pulsing
  1. What is the best time of year to visit Cairo?

Spring (March-May) and autumn (September-November) have mild weather that is ideal for sightseeing and outdoor activities. Summer is very hot, and winter can see occasional rain.

  1. How many mosques are there in Cairo?

There are hundreds of mosques throughout Cairo dating back to the Fatimid period. Some of the most famous include Al-Azhar Mosque, Ibn Tulun Mosque, and Sultan Hassan Mosque.

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  1. What is the Khan el-Khalili bazaar famous for?

The Khan el-Khalili bazaar is famous for its maze of alleyways filled with shops selling spices, perfumes, clothing, souvenirs and more. It offers a glimpse into traditional Egyptian commerce.

  1. When was the Egyptian Museum built?

The Egyptian Museum was established in 1863 in a royal palace to house the extensive collection of Pharaonic artifacts being unearthed across Egypt. It moved to its current location in 1902.

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  1. What is the Cairo Tower used for?

The Cairo Tower, completed in 1961, was originally designed for communication purposes. Today it is a landmark and offers panoramic views of Cairo from its observation deck.

  1. How old is Islamic Cairo?

The oldest parts of Islamic Cairo date back to the late 9th century AD when the city was founded by the Fatimid dynasty. Many important mosques and madrasas were built during the 10th-12th centuries, making parts of Islamic Cairo over 1000 years old.