The Pyramids of Giza, situated in the immediate vicinity of the southwestern suburbs of Cairo, are the undisputable top attractions in Egypt. The pyramids at Giza were built over the span of three generations – by Khufu, his second reigning son Khafre, and Menkaure. The Great Pyramid of Khufu is an awe-inspiring 139 meters (455 feet) high making it the largest pyramid in Egypt, although nearby Khafre’s Pyramid appears to be larger as it is built at a higher elevation.
Although badly ruined, few sites in Egypt are more impressive than Karnak. It is the largest ancient religious site ever built and represents the combined achievement of many generations of Egyptian builders. The Temple of Karnak actually consists of three main temples, smaller enclosed temples, and several outer temples, located about 2.5 kilometers north of Luxor. One of the most famous structures of Karnak is the Hypostyle Hall, a hall area of 5,000 m2 (50,000 sq ft) with 134 massive columns arranged in 16 rows.
Cruising the Nile is a popular way of visiting upper Egypt. The Nile River has been Egypt’s lifeline since ancient times and there is no better way to trace the passage of Egypt’s history than to follow the course of the Nile. Almost all Egyptian cruise ships travel the Luxor-Aswan route which is safe, scenic, and terminates at two of Egypt’s most important towns. Taking a Felucca down the Nile is an adventurous option. Feluccas are sailboats that have been used on the Nile since antiquity. A Felucca is not quite as comfortable as a luxury cruise ship but nothing can beat sailing in a quiet rig that was designed thousands of years ago.
The Red Sea, off the coast of Egypt, is one of the most beautiful places in the world to go diving. The waters of the Red Sea are renowned for their spectacular visibility and features some of the most exotic seascapes. With its wide expanse of coral formation on the reefs, it is home to thousands of different sea creatures. Red Sea beach resorts are located on both sides of the sea, on the east side and part of the Sinai peninsula is the long-established Sharm el-sheik and its neo-hippy counterpart, Dahab. On the west coast of the Red Sea lies relatively old and touristy Hurghada and a cluster of new resort towns.
The Valley of the Kings near Luxor is a valley where, for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to 11th century BC, tombs were constructed for the kings and privileged nobles of the New Kingdom. The valley contains 63 tombs and chambers, ranging in size from a simple pit to a complex tomb with over 120 chambers. The royal tombs are decorated with scenes from Egyptian mythology and give clues to the beliefs and funerary rituals of the period. All the tombs seem to have been opened and robbed in antiquity, except for the famous tomb of Tutankhamen.
Abu Simbel is an archaeological site comprising two massive rock-cut temples in southern Egypt on the western bank of Lake Nasser. The twin temples were originally carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses The Great in the 13th century BC, as a lasting monument to himself and his queen Nefertari. The complex was relocated in its entirety in the 1960s, when the temples were threatened by submersion in Lake Nasser, due to the construction of the Aswan High Dam. Abu Simbel remains one of Egypt’s top tourist attractions.
Home to at least 120,000 items of ancient Egyptian antiquities, the Egyptian Museum is one of Cairo’s top attractions. There are two main floors of the museum, the ground floor, and the first floor. On the ground floor there is an extensive collection of papyrus and coins used by the ancient Egyptians. On the first floor, there are artifacts from the final two dynasties of Ancient Egypt and also many artifacts taken from the Valley of the Kings. Highlights include the objects from the Tomb of Tutankhamen and the Royal Mummy Room, containing 27 royal mummies from Pharaonic times.
Located in the Libyan Desert, Siwa Oasis is one of Egypt’s isolated settlements, with 23,000 people, mostly ethnic Berbers. Located on an old date trade route, Siwa was an oasis vital to the trade route, as the natural springs and shade giving palm trees gave travelers respite from the desert. With the collapse of the Roman Empire, Siwa began its decline. In recent decade’s tourism has become a vital source of income. Much attention has been given to creating hotels that use local materials and play on local styles.
One of the most offbeat places to visit in Egypt is the White Desert, which features majestic chalk mountains that create the look of a snowy expanse amidst the arid land. The entire landscape is packed with stunning iceberg-shaped pinnacles and huge white boulders.
If you are done exploring the tombs and temples of Egypt, pay a visit to the unique White Desert and soak in its scenic natural beauty.
You must have heard about the Pyramids of Giza, but you will be glad to know that Egypt also has many other majestic pyramids in store for you. Just a few kilometers away from Cairo city, Sakkara Pyramids offer an insight into the architectural talent that flourished among the ancient Egyptians.
The Red Pyramid, Bent Pyramid, and Step Pyramid, together form the breathtaking Sakkara Pyramids that are standing tall to treat your eyes. There are also various old tombs with intricately adorned interior walls that will catch your attention, alongside the pyramids.
Better known as “Alabaster Mosque”, the Mosque of Mohamed Ali is an Islamic shrine, lying in the Citadel of Cairo city. Dating back to the 19th century, this mosque is believed to be one of the best places in Egypt not only for spiritual enthusiasts, but also for architecture buffs.
Flaunting its twin minarets and animated silhouette, this mosque is considered to be the largest built structure in the 19th century. The Mosque of Mohamed Ali boasts an Ottoman-style architectural design with impressively adorned interiors.
Visiting a Nubian village is must when traveling to Egypt. Between all Aswan attractions, this could be the only trip that will capture your heart in all meanings. The Nubian people are so friendly and overwhelming, great hospitality will be waiting for you in one of the Nubian family houses. They have dark skin and speak a language called Nuba or Nubian. Some said they consider their language as very sacred custom of their own and refuse to teach it to any foreigner. The Nubian houses are made of mud and often colored blue or orange. Palm trees and gardens are everywhere; they raise chickens and goats mostly in their farms. Some locals if not farming, they would live from selling handicrafts and women drawing Henna for tourists. Such a wonderful trip for adults, kids and all ages.
Counted among the top historical tourist attractions in Egypt, the Karnak Temple is home to a number of popular buildings, including the Temple of Khons, the Festival Temple of Tuthmosis III, and the Great Temple of Amun.
The complex of this renowned temple also shelters the famous Konark Open Air Museum. Visitors can also find a number of age-old pylons, chapels, and remnants of decayed temples here. The Karnak Temple is also considered to be the world’s second-largest ancient spiritual site.
The Monastery of Saint Simon was the result of this new project. Simon the Tanner was a craftsman saint who lived during the 10th century and the cave church that was dedicated to him seems as though it might last for 10 more. Using a pre-existing cave and the slope that led into it, the current monastery seats 2,000 people around a central pulpit. Other nearby caves have also been built into separate church spaces and all of them have been linked to create a massive Christian complex in the heart of garbage city.
Since tourism through the scavenger’s village is not a thriving industry, reaching the Monastery of Saint Simon is no small feat, yet as the largest Christian church within a handful of countries, hundreds of thousands of people make the pilgrimage each year.
Laid down in the 14th century and considered to be one of the best places to visit in Egypt for shopaholics, Khan-el-Khalili has its name among the largest markets of the world. This colorful open market has a very chirpy and vibrant atmosphere, with vendors selling a number of local items and customers bargaining at their best.
Spread across a huge area, the stores and shops here offer all kinds of souvenirs, including semi precious stone works, miniature pyramids, toy camels, silverware, gold artifacts, stained-glass lamps, antiques, copper ware, handmade carpets, and incense.
Rich with ancient history and numerous churches, Old Cairo lets you peek into the glorious past of Egypt. It is definitely one of the must-visit places in Cairo. There are several notable historic sites that indicate the presence of the Greco-Roman time period. It is also the place where Babylon was founded approximately in 525 BCE.
The remnant of this Roman fortress is still visible with the white and red bricks. There are various attraction spots that you can visit, such as the Coptic Museum, Church of the Virgin Mary, Ben Ezra Synagogue, and much more. These structures will help you understand the culture of Egypt even more.
Also referred to as the “Giza Museum”, the Grand Egyptian Museum is a magnificent archaeological museum, which is under construction in the city of Giza. Supposed to be the world’s largest archaeological museum, this museum will be home to ancient Egyptian artifacts, including collections of King Tutankhamen.
To be constructed over a land of around 480,000 square meters, the architecture of the museum will resemble a chambered triangular shape.
The beautiful Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut is nestled on the western banks of the river Nile, at the foothills of the Libyan plateau. Dedicated to the sun god, Amon-Ra, this temple is made of limestone and showcases classical architectural design.
The Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut was built by a very skilled architect of that time, Senimut in honor of the glorious achievements of Queen Hatsheput. The temple features 3 impressive terraces, a hypo-style hall, courts, and pylons.
Nestled on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, the Citadel of Qaitbay was built as a defensive fortress back in the 15th century. Constructed over the remnants of the iconic Pharos lighthouse built by Mamluk sultan Qaitbey, the citadel features bulky walls and robust architecture.
Transformed into a maritime museum back in 1952, the fortification not only offers an insight into the rich architecture and history of Egypt, but also exhibits fossilized marine creatures.
Constructed between 527 and 565 AD, St. Catherine’s Monastery is one of the oldest spiritual places to visit in Egypt. Nestled at the foothills of Mt. Sinai, this monastery has been named after St. Catherine, who had been tortured and killed for her belief in Christianity.
This beautiful desert monastery shelters an amazing collection of spiritual iconography, manuscripts, art, and the iconic burning bush. You can also climb Mt. Sinai and enjoy the breathtaking sunset or sunrise views, after paying homage at St. Catherine’s Monastery.
Lying near Nuweiba town, on the Sinai Peninsula, the Colored Canyon is a thin slot canyon. The Colored Canyon got its name from its gorgeous array of colors that make it look unique and fascinating. These 800 meters long canyons evolved as a result of water erosion over millions of years.
The canyon is flanked by 40 meters high sandstone walls that flaunt various shades of colors, starting from straw yellow and red to dark brown and black. The hues are a result of the presence of iron oxides and magnesium oxides.
Philae Island is a famous temple island that is situated on the serene Nile River. Located between Aswan High Dam and the old Aswan Dam this is a very important archeological site of various ancient temples and shrines of Egypt.
People also know it by the Greek name “Elephantine” as it is an essential trade center for ivory. The ancient Egyptians have constructed a magnificent and famous Philae island temple complex dedicated to Egyptian God Isis in this tiny landmass that has garnered an important position among UNESCO heritage sites. The entire complex is believed to date back to 600 BC or even before.
Also referred to as the “Church of Saint Virgin Mary”, the iconic Hanging Church of Cairo happens to be a stunning stone facade, flaunting intricate inscriptions with Arabic and Coptic marks. Established back in the 3rd century AD, the Hanging Church is one of the oldest churches in the world.
The church is named the “Hanging Church” as it is constructed at the top of the gatehouse of the Babylon Fortress and seems to be hanging mid-air.
KING OF EGYOT Tours representative will pick you up from your hotel to attend the Sound and Light spectacular Show of Giza Pyramids of Cheops, Chefren and Mykerinus. Discover the enchanting history of the ancient Egyptians. The show starts with the story of the Sphinx who has been the vigilant guardian of the city of the dead for five thousand years. The show also depicts the story of building the pyramids and relates the history of great figures of ancient Egypt such as Thutmosis IV, Akhnaten, Nefertiti and Tut Ankh Amon. Back to your hotel in Cairo or Giza.
Making for one of the popular historical tourist attractions in Egypt, Colossi of Memnon refers to 2 magnificent statues that guarded the temple of King Amenhotep III in the times gone by. These 59 feet tall statues approximately weigh 700 tons and depict the king.
Made of quartz sandstone, the statues feature fine carvings near their legs, which represent the mother and the wife of King Amenhotep III. Although the faces of both the statues have been damaged, yet these figurines remain a major attraction, owing to their imposing size.
Spread across three floors, the stunning Alexandria National Museum offers an insight into the rich heritage and glorious past of the Egyptian city of Alexandria. Inaugurated in 2003, this museum is home to around 1,800 artifacts that speak about Alexandria through the Islamic, Roman, Pharaonic, and Coptic ages.
The museum also has precious jewels, glassware, chinaware, and silverware, dating back to the 19th century.
Lying in Wadi El Hitan in Fayoum, the picturesque Magic Lake offers a truly gorgeous sight to behold. The lake is named “Magic Lake” because of the fact that it tends to alter its colour multiple times a day, based upon the amount of sun rays it receives and the time of the day it is.
Encompassed by a sandy desert, the Magic Lake is also believed to contain essential minerals. Going for a swim in this lake can not only offer you the much-needed rejuvenation, but can also treat rheumatism.
Notably one of the most daredevil places to visit in Egypt, The Blue Hole of Dahab is not for the faint-hearted individuals. The Blue Hole happens to be the world’s most challenging diving location situated a few kilometers north of Dahab in Southeast Sina.
Known for its breathtaking underwater and aerial view of the Red Sea, it is not easy to miss out. Originally a marine sinkhole with a depth of over 328 feet or 100 meters, it is a common free diving spot for adventure and thrill-seeking travelers visiting Egypt. It is also a famous spot for snorkeling and diving if you want to spot rare turtle species, corals, and reef sharks.
Nestled between eastern Libya and western Egypt, the Great Sand Sea is a huge area of sand dunes. Covering a gigantic area of around 72,000 sq. km., the Great Sand Sea makes for one of the largest dune fields in the world.
This place is home to some of the world’s largest dunes, including barchan, seif, and crescent dunes. These hypnotic sand dunes offer visitors the chance to indulge in a number of fun activities, such as fossil hunting, dune drives, and sand sledding.
Also referred to as the “Mortuary Temple of Ramses III”, the Temple of Medinat Habu is one of the most famous religious places to visit in Egypt’s Luxor city. Although King Ramses III was buried in the Valley of Kings, the Medinet Habu was constructed in his honour.
The southeast corner of this monumental structure offers the best view of the whole complex. Some of the important attractions of the Medinet Habu include the Chapels of the Votaresses, the Second Pylon, Sacred Lake, the First Pylon, Nilometer, & Hypostyle Hall.
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